When a New Jersey resident files a medical malpractice claim, they must prove causation. Causation is often complex and the most difficult aspect to prove in these types of cases.
Definition of causation in medical malpractice cases
Causation refers to the proof backing up a medical malpractice claim. An injured party is required to show that the actions of the doctor or other medical professional directly led to their damages. In the case of medical malpractice, those damages would relate to harm the plaintiff suffered.
Proving causation in a medical malpractice case
There are certain factors necessary to prove causation. The first is a basic one that shows that a relationship exists between the patient and the doctor or other medical professional. Malpractice claims are only legitimate if such a relationship is established.
Medical professionals are expected to provide a certain standard of care to their patients. However, if the standard that is expected from any other doctor or other medical professional was lacking, it serves as proof that the standard of care was breached.
The next element in proving causation in a medical malpractice claim is that the breach was caused by negligence. However, proving negligence on the part of the doctor or other medical professional isn’t enough: that negligence must have directly led to harm suffered by the plaintiff.
The fourth element is that the harm suffered by the plaintiff resulted in damages. This includes economic damages such as medical expenses and lost wages. It may also include non-economic damages like pain and suffering.